Geography is about people, places and the world around us. Children see Geography each day as they learn to make sense of the world and move about within it.
Aspects of Geography appear within the Area of Learning called Understanding the World in the Early Years Foundation Stage Framework, which is the curriculum for our Nursery and Reception children. In Key Stage One we teach the National Curriculum for Geography. Most Geography is taught through topics using cross curricular links to make it relevant to the children.
We are fortunate that our school is in a rich environment with many diverse geographical features within a short walk.
In EYFS the children learn about their immediate locality so they learn about places around our school and grounds. They learn about familiar features such as houses, farms and shops building on their everyday experiences. They will encounter distant places through topics and stories. The children observe and discuss the weather regularly during EYFS, becoming familiar with types of weather and how it can affect us such as needing coats when it is cold.
In Year 1 children focus on the local area. They go out in the local area and investigate human and physical geographical features. We are lucky that within a ten minute walk from school all of these features are available to them: shops, different types of housing, church, recreation area, fields, roads, paths, street signs, post box, leisure centre and traffic lights.
The children will go out in this geographically rich environment and engage in simple fieldwork. During Year 1 children also learn about contrasting distant localities such as the Arctic and Antarctic and other places through stories and topics. They use globes and maps to identify the countries of the UK and their capital cities. They make maps and learn from many secondary sources. They observe and record the weather and changing seasons.
During Year 2 children study a distant place beyond Europe such as Africa. They contrast this locality with their own local area. They make judgements about places saying what they like and don’t like about different localities. They learn about the rainforests and their environmental problems. During the year they visit a contrasting locality such as a place on the coast and contrast the geography of that place with our local area. Maps, atlases and globes are used throughout the year and children develop their skills using these. Children have opportunities to research places using the computer, iPads, books, pictures and photographs.
How can I support my child with geography?
The curriculum content may appear daunting, but don’t panic — you are already an accomplished geographer. Your daily life constantly provides you with rich geographical experiences, information and understanding. You think and act geographically, often without realising it. It comes naturally … as you navigate your way around your home and neighbourhood; as you make sense of local and world news; as you respond to the weather forecast, as you decide on a holiday location and how to get there.
When out and about in your local area, you can help your child geographically by chatting about local physical features, attractions and activities. You might even like to develop this idea by asking them to provide a tourist guide for their local area for visiting relatives.
On a journey, you can share the road map or map phone app with your son or daughter so they can follow the route while you talk about where you are going. Alternatively, ask them to draw a map of their journey to school or the local shop, including any natural or man-made features along the way.
Holidays are an ideal opportunity to compare the location with their home area - you might ask your child to talk through five similarities and differences, for example. Holidays also provide an opportunity for a museum visit or a trip to a tourist attraction.
Closer to home, use anything at your disposal! Magazines, TV, films and even some computer games can provide your child with a view of distant places. They enable your child to be transported instantly to another place. Prompt their thinking with questions, such as: What might the weather be like in this place? Why might the road have been built where it is? The list of questions is endless and will lead to all sorts of discussions which will really help to develop curiosity about, and understanding of, the world.
|Please click on the image to view our Geography Policy.||Please click on the image to view our Curriculum Overview.||Please click on the image to view our Geography Progression of Skills.|
In Key Stage 1 children need to be able to look at maps. Below are maps of Northfield and Bellfield Infant School for children to use.